Physics: What Is The Universe Expanding Into?

This is a classic question which so many ask, but never find an answer. I’m not saying I’ve found an answer, not at all – after all, this is just my theory.

It is widely accepted that the universe came into existence via the Big Bang, and has been expanding since. We have empirical evidence that this is most likely the case: redshift in distant galaxies and quasars, cosmic microwave background radiation, the abundance of primordial elements etc. So, typical to human nature, we arrive at the question: what is it expanding into? If the universe is absolutely everything that exists, how can it be expanding into anything at all? Here’s my idea:

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Music: ‘The Thorn’ by Castellan

‘Black cats cross my path, but I’ve got no more bad luck left, and this scares me. And if I could harness the skin of every butterfly in my stomach, I would stitch it all together, float away like a feather – holding the arm of an angel. Take me like a drug. I’m saturated, but I can’t complain. But I’ll still kill myself, almost every day… Nothing else matters, if you promise you love me’.

This release is available on 2nd September; buy it. You can find more from Castellan here:


Misc: SOUNDsculptures, ASMR & Binaural Recordings

I first came across YouTuber ‘SOUNDsculptures’ a few months ago. It’s a really creative channel centred around ASMR (Autonomous sensory meridian response: a perceptual phenomenon characterized as a distinct, pleasurable tingling sensation in the head, scalp, back, or peripheral regions of the body in response to visual, auditory, olfactory, and/or cognitive stimuli.

This is my favourite video of hers – the pointer seems to be a big trigger. I really enjoy all of the videos so thought I would share them. You can find her channel here:


Music: ‘Hunger Gospel’ by Castellan

Castellan’s ‘Hunger Gospel’ from their EP ‘Feeding Tube’. Pure aggression with the most sincere and heartfelt lyrics: these guys really are worth a listen. If you get the chance to see them live, do it – their live show is really something. You can download ‘Feeding Tube’ for FREE/donation from their Bandcamp: